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Development of Organisation

(34)Development is development of Organisation.

  • Organisation is a concept we always use but do not care to notice what it is and how it works. We have the use value for it. It is functioning in us subconsciously.
  • Development is what Man longs for, enjoys all the time, but when it is there he takes it for granted; when it is not there he is oblivious of it thus proving another law of life = Man is oblivious of what he gets as well

                                       as what he misses, because he is unconscious =

Organisation is a theoretical concept

─ Several functions coming together in Time and Space in a fixed pattern drawing vast

    amounts of subtle power for action is organisation.

─ They are of several types

  • Mechanical organisation like a lever, a pulley or a motor.
  • Human organisation such as a family, village or party.
  • Market organisation that opens immense social power.
  • Psychological organisations such as thought, feeling, attitude, etc.
  • Social organisations that enhance social subtle power.
  • Spiritual organisations like mantra, yantra, etc.
  • Mental organisation such as planning or even language.
  • Personal organisations such as domestic comforts.
  • Government organisation like Army, Railways, currency.

Also they fall into another category as follows.

  1. Gross physical organisation as production in field or factory.
  2. Subtle organisations as institutions - festivals, tradition, etc.
  3. Causal organisations that instantly complete the work as Right decision, magnanimous attitude, knowledge of Harmony, etc.
  4. Subconscious organisation like digestion.
  5. Conscious organisation like government planning.
  6. Superconscient organisations that defy our understanding such as miracles, mystery, etc.

We have put organisation in the chain beginning with act and ending with consciousness at the fourth place. Still the act itself is the most wonderful organisation of subtle energy. Each of the above headings requires a full-length explanation with examples from several fields.

  • It would be right to say that by development MAN develops organisation of one kind or another. It has to be preceded by consciousness. We can very well say CONSCIOUSNESS is the organisation of mental perception.

Man cannot develop subconscious organisations, but he can create social organisations, psychological organisations of values. No organisation can be created without mind coming into play. Though there are plenty of vital, physical organisations, we note that it is the Mind in the vital, physical planes that organises. Ordinary human relationship is a vital organisation created by the attitudes of people involved. Its accomplishment in life is enormous. Computer is a mechanical organisation that has created the wonder of Internet in cyberspace with the World Wide Web as an unknown phenomenon of organisation in the world.

46)       Mind is the origin of organisation.

Organisation is arrangements of objects that increases their power.

The power increases in volume in its own gross plane and inequality in the subtle plane.

Arrangement implies the objects are separate or disparate.

To arrange means to arrange according to an idea.

Ideas are there only in the Mind, not in the body or vital.

As the arrangement is according to an idea, it is to achieve a goal.

Only the Mind can think of a goal.

The primary faculties of the Mind are

- to divide

- to organise.

Division changes its character when it moves from the physical to the mental.

In fact the ascent moves through 6 levels.

1) Physical substance, physical consciousness.

2) Vital substance, vital consciousness.

3) Mental substance, mental consciousness.

The order is reversed in the descent.

For the present, I leave out, for simplicity's sake, the other two planes, the spiritual, the supramental.

Each plane divides into consciousness above called the surface and substance below called the depth.

When you divide a stone into two or more parts, the stone is broken and cannot unite back.

Dividing an Idea into two or more parts, the idea is NOT broken but is considered in several parts. Here the division is a differentiation.

Out of the One, Many emerged. The Many, men, mountain, sea, drop of soil or oil, paper, etc. Its number is legion.

Each of these Many admits of further division as the human body has various parts.

The division continues till we reach the atom which is not divisible.

There are the Many in creation, the created Many.

Mind is in action even before creation fully comes into existence.

Mind meets the material force which is really spiritual force seen through Mind.

Mind divides that material force into atoms.

Mind is infinite and therefore cannot stop acting.

So, when the atom is arrived at Mind cannot divide further as atom is indivisible.

Action continuing with no further division possible, division turns into aggregation.

Man walking towards the sea when he cannot stop walking retraces the steps. This is called reversal. It occurs at eight stages.

The aggregation is a clumsy, thoughtless coming together.

Mind is capable of thought, intelligent thought.

Aggregation caused by intelligent thought of Mind is Organisation.

This organisation varies from plane to plane in all these 8 planes or 12 planes.

(47) There exist mental organisation, emotional organisation as well as physical organisation.

  • Physical organisation is of work, who is to do the work when and how. In an office which handles 15 subjects, each subject is allotted to a clerk who maintains the concerned files in an alphabetical order. They are placed under some officers all of whom work under one chief officer.
  • Emotional organisation can be called attitudes. There may be 20 or 30 emotional issues. Each family has developed special attitudes towards each issue such as eating, rituals, gathering together for purposes of the family, etc.

The family will be vegetarian and would not allow its members to eat non-vegetarian. On that score there will be no compromise. Certain families would not eat in families that are non-vegetarian. Others may compromise to an extent. But these are sensitive issues and will be governed by fixed attitudes of the family.

  • Mental organisations are value-based understanding.

Families teach children not to discuss politics, religion, and money with others.

These are mental organisations. We can call them opinions.

Information is organised data, organised by the Mind.

Ideas are thoughts organised.

Concepts are organised understandings.

  • Sentiment is emotion organised.

Emotion is feelings organised.

Organised sensation is feeling.

Sensation is energy organised into nervous skills.

  • Passion is emotional energy of the physical concentrated and directed.

Courage is the organised expression of boldness and bravery.

  • Imagination is the mental organisation of future possibilities.

Decision is knowledge organised by the Will.

Memory is the recorded events of the past presented to you NOW.

Expectation is the organisation of the present understanding projected into the future.

Hope is mind availing of faith.

Reason is intelligence coordinated.

Ego is Reason.

Accomplishment is potential capacity converted into present actuality.

Thinking is two or more thoughts coordinated by the Mind.

  • Mental emotion is of the poet.
  • Physical emotion belongs to the rural folklore.      

(49) Organisation abridges space and Time.

Organisation brings men, matters and issues together so that the action is raised to the subtle plane where the forces are multiplied manifold.

When a man acts alone, his powers are low.

He can act in the gross, subtle, causal planes.

Where he acts in unison with more men, his powers are multiplied and he more easily enters the subtle, causal planes.

In the subtle plane power multiplies, events are quickened.

In the causal plane, results are instantaneous.

Physical objects and physical acts are in the gross plane.

Thoughts, feelings, sensations, etc. are in the subtle plane.

Values of any kind help us enter the causal plane.

Skill is the most primary organisation of energy in movement.

Skill formation is in No. 7, the mind of the body.

Without the mental element, no skill will be formed, as skill is an organisation.

Why do we call skill an organisation? Why is it an organisation of energy.

Man starts in No.9 as a clod and there becomes a living clod when energy rises.

Increase of energy makes him feel even as a physical being, not yet a thinking being.

The mind in the body awakes in No.7

We know mind divides and organises.

Mind in the body is an evolution of the physical into the mental.

Mind means knowing.

It divides the energy in several small portions and brings them together in an organisation.

A man wants to hit a fruit with a stone.

It is an act. It is a skilful act.

Only when the fruit is hit and it falls, the skill is learnt.

This ACT is a very wide universe itself. We have decided NOT to go into its constitution, structure or philosophy as our inquiry ends with the borders of social development. This ACT is outside society, lies in the Individual.

For a man to bring the fruit down from the tree by hitting it by a stone is a mental conception of immense magnitude.

As he is a live sensational body, he has all the energy needed for it.

His body-mind in No. 7 before launching on skill formation commissions all his energy and activity available in his eye, ear, nose, body and tongue. The taste of the fruit remembered acts as a lever and increases the already released physical energies.

The eye is constantly on the fruit, thus securing the goal in the subtle plane.

The hand picks a stone, a stone of the right size.

The vast physical energies released by the aspiration for the fruit, is divided into all the 5 senses and the rest goes into the coordinating Mind.

The Act of aiming at the fruit simultaneously takes place in all the 6 areas into which his Mind has divided the physical energies.

The subtle plane quickens the results.

The act will be complete making the fruit fall when the movements of the subtle plane enter the causal plane by acquiring perfection.

The size of the stone will be right if the hand has the sense of perfection.

The fruit will be seen in the eye when it coordinates all the bodily muscles to act in unison. It is perfection in every sense that is needed. To achieve that perfection, the physical needs an enormous number of repetitions.

Perfection of the senses pushes the act into the casual plane. The fruit falls. The primitive man often did it in the first instance.

(50) Gossip is the organisation of the unformed society.

Society is always alive.

With excess energy, it grows.

With less energy, it deteriorates.

When the society grows all the positive news of a great leader, new ideas, new information about technology spread by word of mouth.

In its opposite movement, the same phenomenon occurs about smugglers, destructive ideas, creative information that can be explosively destructive.

Gossip is that phenomenon of a society in decay.

News of Rama reached Sri Lanka during those days.

In 1915 Gandhiji was known all over India without the present media.

Gossip is the oral expression of the urge of the society to grow.

It is common knowledge in the capital that what happens in the morning in the houses of the elite will reach the entire city by the evening.

  • The most potent force of gossip is the urge to communicate.
  • That is why bad news spreads, not good news.
  • Good news is not enjoyable whereas bad news is sensitively tasty.
  • Spiritually there is one Mind, one vital, one body in the world which is seen as many minds, etc. by us as individuals.
  • The fact that gossip travels that fast shows the above fact.

In a formed society, there will be discrimination of what to speak and not what to speak because such a society has a structure.

  • In an unformed society, in the absence of such a self-restraining structure, urges move as gossip.
  • There are hundreds of pieces of information that refuses to travel. E.g. A man's cruelty to his child, as the society perceives that such information will be injurious to its authority, if spread.
  • In a society where corruption is a way of life, the leader's extortionate practices will not travel.
  • In office life where lying, tale bearing has come to stay, even blatant lies will not move from man to man as, subconsciously, he is aware that exposure of lies will affect the society he is part of.
  1. The level of Gossip is the level in which society actively grows.
  2. Gossip is the lifeline of active social existence.
  3. The various periods of history can be graded by the gossips of those periods that have come to us.
  4. Gossip is the most effective organisation of the unorganised.

Hence its power is infinite.

(51)   An organisation lends its power to its members.

Above average members lend their strength to it.

Below average members draw their strength from the organisation.

An organisation is always superior to the individual.

An organisation is a new creation by the society when it needs higher powers than are available.

The power of an organisation arises from various factors.

1) The way in which its components are linked.

2) The number of those components.

3) The stage in which a society creates an organisation.

4) Its power issues out of the subtle plane.

5) The will of the organisation.

When an organisation comes into existence, the population divides into two:

1) above the organisation and 2) below the organisation.

Those who are above can constantly help the organisation to improve in the ways in which they are experienced.

Those who are below the organisation constantly draw inspiration, guidance, support, strength from it to improve their way of life.

An organisation composes of 1) a structure, 2) several individuals, 3) its relationship with several individuals, 4) its link with other organisations.

So, any organisation is always superior to an individual.

Apart from drawing strength from above and supporting those below an organisation offers untold support to its members. As a result,

  • A member of an organisation is far superior to a member of the society outside it.
  • At its best an organisation can lend all its strength to a member who is fully receptive. Usually, this is done by that individual presiding over it.
  • For such a member, when he uses the power of his organisation to forge a relationship with another organisation, his strength equals the sum of both the organisations.
  • Used systematically, that member can soon avail of all the strength of all the organisations at his level.
  • It does permit him to grow similarly vertically in which case he can become a national or world leader. Those who presided over the destinies of the world have risen like that.
  • That era is now at an end. It is the organisation itself not its leader that acquires that power.
  • At the next stage, the power will go to the principle that organisation represents.
  • The Individual can emerge as powerful at each stage.
  • The species next to MAN will evolve like that.

(53)   Each organisation has its structure.

As the human body is supported by the bone structure, all existence has a structure of sorts. Particularly every organisation has its own structure. No organisation can come into being without a structure.

  • The structure can be simple or complex or comprehensive or integral.

Structures usually accompany hierarchy. The hierarchy may be minimal or total.

One landowner employing half a dozen workers has a simple organisation for work under him.

A Lignite mine having a thermal station will be big as well as a complex organisation.

Structures may vary from administrative structures, productive structures, sales structures, etc.

Political organisation often has Legislative structure, Executive structure, Judicial structures.

Family is a structured organisation.

A fair is an informal non-structured gathering that is sometimes given a permanent structure.

Organisations have structures while institutions are not formally structured.

It will be interesting to study the growing structures of an organisation over time.

The nomads settled down to cultivation creating a village.

Their primary occupation was cultivation and defence against attack.

Initially the whole village cultivated and the whole village defended itself from attack.

Collective cultivation gradually gave place to individual cultivation which individual families took care of.

Cultivation needed carpentry, smithy which were developed as auxiliary functions.

Cultivation was only for consumption. Trade was non-existent at that time.

As methods improved, there was a surplus. Next came trade. For trade to become real some kind of Money came into existence.

Productive organisations for agriculture, sales organisation of trade, symbolic money as a medium of exchange were the initial organisations the world over.

No longer was it a group. The group gave place to family. Family was a structured organisation to take care of the young, to organise production in the field. It became a responsible member of the collective which was the whole.

Obviously the structures of the productive organisation, the fighting organisation, the basic organisation of family, the living organisation of the village vary according to their inherent need.

Today we have transport as an organisation. Banking is a well developed organisation. Press is another. The city is vastly different from the simple family. Insurance, hospitals, education, etc. are essentially different organisations.

Each such organisation differs from the other in its functioning and some structures, but essentially as an organisation all the organisations are fundamentally one.

(55)       Richness of an organisation issues out of its complexity.

            Each new organisation integrates itself with every other organisation.

Internet is the richest organisation so far created. Wikipedia has made the web site much more complex. The weaving of cloth is an age-old organisation. Go into it to analyse the organisation it is. Warp and woof are its primary strands. The weaver, for the purposes of making cloth has to arrange his threads as warp and woof. He has devised a loom for it. The threads across to be held in place must be so put alternately. To make the cloth possible, he has created a structure of loom. Behind that is a multidimensional human organisation of family, craft, guild, trade community of producers of thread, dye, starch, etc. To us it is simple, but so much of activities go into it.

A family is a simple organisation in one sense; in another cultural sense it is not so simple. The government is a really complex organisation endowed with social power. We know Money which we handle every day. We think of it as Money, perhaps as a tool for us to function socially. It is a very complex organisation having so many facets. Let us see how rich an organisation Money is:

  • The peculiarity of Money is it can be converted into any commodity.
  • How does Money acquire that universality? What makes it so?
  • It is the imagination of Man who created a symbol of his work and produce and vested Money, the coin, the currency with that power.

Anything produced by Man, grain, tools, service can be converted into Money. This capacity of Money enables Man to work harder so that he may save. Once his produce is converted into Money, it can be easily transported or stored. Money enables man to live his old age on the strength of his earlier work. Internationally Money is capable of averting wars or even creating one. The advent of visa card enables one to buy in any country on the strength of bank account in any other country.

A character of Jane Austen said possession of ₤ 10,000 was a virtue in marriage.

Money in larger quantity gains social status.

Rich money lenders lent their money to the governments and kept them under their control.

  • Imagine an international conference. How many organisations cooperate to make that conference possible?

The most important of them are the airlines and the hotels each of them is a complex organisation in itself.

There is the organising committee representing the host organisation.

It contacts a few hundred organisations of its own type for cooperation.

The delegates bring to the conference the views of all these organisations.

As a result of the confluence of those views, resolutions arise.

These resolutions go back to the member organisation for implementation.

Thus, a conference is a rich complex organisation made possible by a good number of other organisations where thoughts meet to produce fresh decisions to be implemented by the member organisations. The world receives the impact of these deliberations.

The richest complex organisation known is the human body that acts on its own automatically.

(57)A road is one strand of the structure of the organisation of the movement of the   population.

A road is a paved surface for convenient vehicular movement, but when it relates itself to the national grid, it is an instrument of development. Then it becomes a limb of a wider organisation. That link converts a mere convenience into a live organisation.

  • How the French farmer who was rustic and rural feeding his grapes to his pigs became the civilised intellectual French citizen is a story told by the road constructed connecting his village to the nearest town.
  • Cultivable lands cost very little compared to the cost of house plots, maybe 30 or 100 times more. A road is laid across the land afresh. All the lands adjoining the roads on either side rise in value as they attract traffic. The value will rise higher than the house plots if shops spring up on the roadside. Then the value of the land will touch commercial rates.
  • This is not true only of the road. To us education is enlightenment, helps us to live better. Like the road that connects you to the civilisation, education is a portal to global knowledge, the knowledge of the world. Internet is the autobahn on the cyberspace that created a worldwide network of communication that was not there before. It is better planners all over the world realise the advent of Internet as a new plane of life with millions of instantaneous lifelines of electronic speed.
  • What road does to the traffic, Internet does to information.  Every kind of link in life serves so to the widening life of humanity. For example, the Olympic Games have been there for a long time. A country that has been participating all these years enters now into the contest. The vision of the country is widened to the level of global consciousness in sports by this simple act.
  • The world, on a minor scale the country, in its daily existence is an organisation. A nation emerges when that central organisation formulates itself. Germany was not one till 1871, Italy had no such claim till 1870, and England was not a nation till Arthur established himself as King. India became a nation only in 1857 when the British Government took over India from the East India Company. A road, personal education, reading a book of a foreign author, participation in global conferences link the infinitesimal man or village to the global organisation.
  • To think of various aspects of life -- communication, sports, etc. -- in this light is to understand Social Development in its right spirit.

(58) Organisations can be simple, complex, or integral.

  • Tribal organisations are simple and self-contained.
  • All social organisations are complex in the sense not one of them can function entirely independently of every other. Their functions are interrelated compellingly.
  • All living organisms are integral organisations in that no part of them can be affected without the contagion spreading all over. Stated positively any one part awakening to its relations with all the other parts is capable of making the organism perform a miracle.

Even now there are remote villages who cultivate their own food crops inside the village, service their carpenters, smithy needs from among their members, marry only within the borders of their community. It is an organisation where several services are coordinated to make living better, but it is self-contained, where the organisation is primary. They can be called simple organisations.

Modern urban life is such that you cannot add a room to your house without obtaining written permission from the town planning authority. You are not FREE not to educate your child up to 16 years. Nor can you beat your husband or wife or even the child. You are by environmental laws compelled to change your behaviour in hundreds of ways. Compliance is necessary. One who wants to found a factory has to get the permission in writing from at least 20 or 30 authorities. You are not sure your neighbourhood will relish your factory being there. Life is complex. To be part of it and to become an organisation, your organisation needs to become complex.

A tree, a rat, a man are living organisms and therefore are integral organisations. A thorn in the foot cannot be neglected as, apart from hindering your movements, it can, by becoming septic, kill you as you are an integrated existence.

  • Simple organisations have survival value. They cannot do better.
  • Complex organisations can grow in any direction they choose.
  • Integral organisations, if they so choose, can evolve.
  • Even systems are primary organisations.
  • Organisation is a pattern of coordinated arrangements created for constant repetition.
  • By virtue of coming together in an organised fashion the power in-put multiplies itself many-fold. That power is drawn from the subtle plane.
  • An organisation evokes the power of the causal plane for instantaneous fulfillment when it reaches perfection of the organised setup.

(54) Complex organisational structure is the basis of integral life.           

A class taught by a single teacher only is a simple structure. Suppose ten subjects are taught by ten teachers to that class in various rooms it needs a time table for the class, for the teachers and a time table for the rooms. This is the beginning of simple complexity. Life is nowhere integral except in living organisms. If a work is to be done, it needs a place. The organisation of space is a structure. It has to be done according to various rules. Then the rules form another structure. Several attitudes are required to implement those rules. They form a psychological structure. Many others from outside are to participate in that work at various times. In that case, it will be a further structure. These are fixed structures. Outside interactions to enter at different stages, depending upon local variations make for a complex structure. Two complex structures such as a government and the Olympic sports have to constantly interact sometimes. It increases the existing complexity. The complexity often grows into complications when the systems break down. Otherwise, it moves smoothly. Complexities of component organisations working smoothly can rise in complexity thus contributing new patterns of adjustment. Such an arrangement consummates in an integral life rarely, as when a nation is electing its President which comes as a result of a series of nationwide campaigns by the party, the population and almost all organisations of the country directly or indirectly. A national festival like Christmas or Deepavali in India is an occasion when the whole society is astir almost approaching an integrated functioning.

The Second World War witnessed in all the nations that participated in it a complex integrated functioning where all worked for the one goal of a successful war front. Everyone suspends his personal interest and works for the national goal. A higher stage of complexity is when everyone works for his own best interest and life should make for the best national result.

Office inspections of a short period witness such phenomena in some measure. Weddings at home create such a way of functioning when on everyone's mind there is ONE thing, it is the culmination of the work.

Big companies often are ushered into a vast market expansion when the whole atmosphere changes, new attitudes are witnessed, new energies are released, and new functions from various sides automatically dovetail themselves into newer attitudes of people. Life functions in an organised harmony.

Scenes of French Revolution are chaos unleashed, but if the movements are followed one will wonder how each section of the population rises to the occasion of the needs of another section of population in spite of there being an entirely a fresh situation. Social innovations are infinite. They surface during natural catastrophes, revolutions or national emergencies.

One can have glimpses of such occasions if he watches himself during emergencies such as a burglar entering the house or a fire accident. September 11th in the World Trade Centre gave out millions of pieces of useful information which reveals the innate complexity of the human mind.

(60)An organisation of action is based on another organisation of support as in the battle field.

The philosophy behind this statement is what we have originally supposed, the Society is an integrated whole, a living organism.

By the time an organisation is born, life has moved considerably on its onward course beginning from Act, progressing through activities and systems.

One other rule about any organisation is when it is born, it tries to link itself or better still integrate itself with other organisations it is in touch with.

Above we quote the example of an army fighting, receiving the support of other organisations.

How is the army founded? It is founded by the government, the supreme organisation society has created to govern and regulate all the other organisations existing.

When the army is fighting in the field, the entire nation is there behind working round the clock.

Man in the collective attacked another collective and it was a free-for-all. It was before the collective was organised as a community. They lived in villages occupying houses built by each family for itself. They were engaged in activities of production such as agriculture, etc. Later, manufacture and urban living came. The nation was paved with roads. People moved on horseback or in trains. These are vast achievements of civilisations which need not be detailed here. If the population rises en- masse and fights, all these achievements of civilisation will be at stake, will face destruction.

Now that society is mature, civilised, has a government, it was decided to defend the borders not with the entire population, but with an army representing the entire population. As they fight in the front, the society through the government agrees to make a supreme sacrifice making all their requirements a distant secondary and be behind the ARMY in full readiness so that he would eat, rest, be treated when wounded. This is what is self-evident in a fighting army.

  • Even when the army is not fighting but is a standing army, society does this much to it duty bound, in gratitude for fighting for them.
  • This is exactly how every organisation functions, be it a school, banking, art association or primitive agriculture.
  • If you examine any of these organisations at work, you will find them almost a miniature society in two ways - one drawing the support of every part of the society and the other sustaining the activities of every other organisation. The relationship is fully indirect in most cases.
  • In Europe we see 30 languages and in India 300 languages, but all the European languages belong to one structure and all the Indian languages belong to an Indian structure. Likewise the society may have a hundred organisations, but ALL these organisations belong to ONE structure.
  • Their energies are organisational energies.

Their functions are organisational functions.

Their strategies are organisational strategies.

Their structures are organisational structures.

  • Organisation rules the society and enables it to function.

(61)      Language is an organisation of words.

            Words are the organisation of letters and sounds.

            Letters are symbols of particles of sound.

Today if someone declares, ‘Money can achieve anything in the world' there will be unanimous approval. If another says, ‘Language can achieve anything in the world' it will be a wonder if a small minority will approve of it.

  • Still, it is true that in Shankara's time language ruled.

Not only in India Ancient Greece also experienced it.

In the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries French ruled Europe that way.

I am tempted to lay down that the two greatest inventions of the Society are Money and language, till Internet came on the scene.

It is a greater truth not easily conceivable that any aspect of society - power, education, communication, production, distribution, army and for that matter any aspect that has fully permeated the society - can be made a leading instrument that would dominate not only one country, but the whole world. It is one of the valid conclusions of the Theory.

  • Just now we see the phenomenon of excessive production in one nation permits that nation to dominate the world. When Britain was producing 7% of the world's production and Germany 5%, America was at 34% i.e. 3 times the combined strength of No.1 and No.2. But at that time around 1900 it was only productive capacity which by itself could become prosperity or wealth. After World War II, when America attained political power, the insignificant productive power asserted itself and helped USA to dominate the world.

Power is not in productive capacity, but in the nation's political eminence. Once it is there, anything well developed can serve as an instrument of total domination.

  • For about two centuries, Britain ruled the world. It was not anything but merely the capacity of being a sea-faring nation that developed trade.
  • The doctrine of Catholicism has ruled the world for twenty centuries on the strength of people's belief.
  • The doctrine of socialism indirectly rules the entire world in toto and no one today can speak against the principle of economic equality. The thought that occupies the American Mind today is how to achieve equality in compensation.
  • Language has ruled the world for centuries. Knowledge of Greek and Latin was enough to socially survive in the 19th century. The future is not for the local mother tongue but for a global language which place is being occupied by English more and more. It may be the legacy of their erstwhile empire. But all emotional inspiration has necessarily to come from the mother tongue, as it is the only language steeped in the subconscious. Whether all the local languages will charge a world language with their linguistic richness or there will emerge a dichotomy between the two is something that does not lend itself to guessing.

(52)  The atom, the molecule, the cell are all organised.

The atom, the molecule, the cell are all organisations that have matured into an organism.

An organisation is run by a central authority.

An organisation, though a kind of central authority does exist, for all intents and purposes, it is a self-sustaining automatic existence.

The central authority is nor there or is not so apparent as in an organisation.

It appears that each part acts triggered by the movement of the previous part.

Quantum physics broke new ground in discovering that the movement of the observed is influenced by the observation of the observer.

It raises the question of objectivity and its validity.

Science that disbelieves in subjectivity is here confronted with it.

Should this question be answered, science will break new ground.

It is a fact that all these - atom, molecule, cells - tend to grow.

Even confining ourselves to organisation, it is easily seen that the cell is an organisation.

The same can be said about the molecule and even the atom.

The human body is unique in many ways.

For an organism, it is the best example.

Even for an organisation shading off into organism, it is the best example.

Organisations like an office are mechanical.

Its liveliness comes from its human members.

The organisation there is more of the structure and the rules.

The structure serves as, if we can say so, hardware, and the rules serve as software.

An office comes to life when everyone is interested as during an inspection.

But an atom, molecule, cell, are always alive, full of life.

Hence its importance.

Also we see one is a subpart of the other.

From that fact arises the complexity that converts an organisation into an organism.

When an organisation is raised to being an organism, its energy rises beyond all conceivable measure.

(56)  A game is an organisation of several rules.

A game is evidently an organisation of people, space, time, rules with a few implements such as bat, ball, net, etc.

            While the game is on, what is most evident is the ORGANISATION.  

  • The first and main object of a game, be it played on the field or indoors, is the joy it gives the participants. It is resorted to for that purpose.
  • The game is conceived with a view to releasing that joy and enhances it.
  • The more stringent the rules, the better for a higher result.
  • The more complex its procedure, the richer is the enjoyment it yields.
  • As every organisation presupposes a division or many divisions, games consist of opposing teams, usually two.
  • Football is played in a court where each team is pursuing its goal, through its members, avoiding the members of the opposite team. The greater the opposition, the greater the value of victory.
  • Each team is organised as a unit, but each member, in spite of cooperating with other members desires to excel himself.The opposition between the teams offering greater skill for the members confirms the rule "contradictions are complements".
  • Skill is demanded in the play; the play gives greater skill.
  • Skill in individual performance is excelled by the capacity to patiently wait for the winning of the team at the expense of one's own opportunity to exhibit the skill he has. In this context, an observation of the running of a member of a football team can be described. Some true experiences led to people measuring the distance ran by a single member on the computer.
  • The more one runs, the more he scores.
  • The less one runs, the more his team scores.
  • The more one runs, the less he scores.
  • It requires a capacity to run; a greater capacity to manage the team from within by not running.
  • He who helps others win is a better member of the team.
  • He who aims at a better game for both the teams, even at the expense of his own team, has the finest spirit of a sportsman.
  • Skill runs to win.
  • Capacity wins by running less.
  • What wins transcends running and scoring.
  • He who knows the way the game is organised knows more of the complexity and the spirit of the game and sporting in general.

(59)  The human body is a live organisation - an organism.

It is known that the human brain is the very best product of God's creation. It is not equally appreciated that the human body, which created that brain, is the very best organisation existing on earth. The animal body has the same construction and constitution of the human body, but the latter is far more refined. Very few will agree with me when I say the human mind can perform all that the Internet now performs, if only its conditionings are removed. Computer is what human mind has created. Therefore logic requires to vindicate the above truth. In hypnotic spells, delirium, in the case of genius we do see an occasional glimpse of that capacity.

  • Man is certainly superior to his creation, the computer.
  • Man developed the thinking Mind, having shed or overcome the infinite capacities of it that are physically mechanical which he is now producing in the computer.
  • His subconscious and subliminal have those capacities and work at that speed.

We can broadly summarize the construction of the human body.

  • It is an integrated existence organised by the inconscient energy.
  • It has a subconscious where the entire evolution of the earth is stored.
  • It evolves by bringing the subconscious to meet the superconscient in its own conscious entity, the Mind.
  • All the instincts the animals and birds now have are buried in Man.
  • Only by transcending them can he evolve the faculty of thinking.

The thinking that gropes is far superior to the instinct that is sure of itself.     

Once man had all these instincts which he now consciously gave up in favour of evolving the Mind that can reason.

  • He will regain all those unconscious instincts later as conscious faculties.
  • His body can never fall ill. Illness is only what the civilised, conditioned Mind imposes on the body.

Russell says we cannot see a diseased saint or a healthy criminal to explain this truth.

  • The native organisation of the human mind is seen in its perfect constitution when, under a spell, man walks over a wall with sure footing.
  • Presently all the efficient organisations of the body are subconscious.
  • In the human nature, Nature has tried to create the animate infinitesimal to touch its uniqueness so that the infinite can emerge out of that.

The energies our body can unleash are phenomenal which is seen on the occasions of military exploits, mountain climbing and seafaring. The body can bear any amount of pain if the Mind determines previously to do so. The Greek wisdom of a sound mind in a sound body reveals the integration found between the body and Mind. If any of the body's outstanding values is to be mentioned, it is its integrated existence.

  • The body is ‘integrated' with the physical atmosphere. This is seen only when it is infected, not when it is enlightened by the knowledge that enters into it.
  • Its form, shape, colour, lines, energy, urges are an abridgement of earth's existence.

(62) The plane flying in the air is an organisation of air in movement, its pressure and temperature and the plane in movement.

We see a plane flying in the air as we see a bird flying. It was the flying bird that put the first idea into a man's head of aspiring to fly.

The bird does not excite any thoughts in us, as it is usual.

But the plane makes us wonder about man flying a plane.

We certainly do not know all the discoveries that make a plane fly.

There are innumerable issues involved in making a plane rise into the sky, keeping it aloft and moving it forward at a considerable speed.

It is said that more than flying in the air, landing is more important.

Not only the bird and the plane are objects of wonder to the observing man, there is so much wonder inherent in a living person or animal.

Generally we are oblivious of it.

A thinking mind or an observing eye with some basic education has several things to wonder at, of which ORGANISATION is one.

Our concern here is only organisation, but other aspects of wonder can just be mentioned. 1) How does a man talk? 2) What is this strange phenomenon of memory, 3)How does a dog know the exact time of his master's arrival, 4) What is breathing? One may answer that science has answered all these questions. Yes, science has uncovered all the processes revealing the element of wonder in it. It still has the main questions to answer.

Air in the atmosphere is in movement. It has temperature, pressure, component gaseous substances. During the initial investigations of the atom bomb, one question was raised. Suppose the hydrogen in the air or for that matter water gets ignited by the explosion of the bomb, would not the planet be burned down? They did consider that possibility. The speed of the plane generates friction with the air and consequent heat. After the initial success of a plane flying with every passing decade, now with every passing year, those aspects are being studied in detail to improve the quality of flying.

Here I only want to point out the various aspects of organisations that are involved to highlight the fact that in such an innocent act of flying how many organisations are involved.

  • Movement of the plane disturbs the equilibrium of the air and creates another equilibrium for it to fly safely in.
  • That equilibrium is presently maintained by air temperature, air pressure, movement of air, the moisture in the air, etc.
  • The plane on the runway is maintained by one organisation of forces, its ascent is managed by another, and its flying level above by a third organisation.
  • So, organisation pervades life and extends itself to existence.
  • As life is created by Mind, the source of organisation, the type of organisation it creates in life must be of interest to us.
  • Matter is an organisation of force into form.

Life is an organisation of energy into formless movement.

Mind's organisation is one of ideas, concepts and decisions.

(63)   There is no aspect of life that is not an organisation.

We said organisation is the fourth stage in the chain of Act.....Consciousness. If that is true the three previous stages viz. act, activities, systems are fully outside what we call organisation. The above statement is fully valid for all the stages from organisation, viz. organisation - institution - culture - custom - usage - consciousness. To exercise the mind to see how social aspects are really organisation and how organisation is pervasive in social aspects is a rewarding intellectual effort. This is a comprehensive effort. The three stages prior to organisation can be disregarded for this purpose. Still, the above statement is made absolute from the organisation point of view as there is a theoretical fact about them too. Let me just mention it and not expand on it.

Creation begins with existence. It becomes consciousness and Delight. One becomes the Many. Mind emerges from Supermind which creates the universe. The Act starts in life far down the scale when Mind creates Matter through Life. The organisation we talk of is organisation by Mind. What precedes it is still organisation, but of a different kind which is outside our present consideration.

Let us consider apparently innocuous aspects of life innocent of organisation such as buying an article in a shop, watering a plant, eating a fruit, talking to a person or articles such as a cup, a book, a calendar, etc. to see how far the concept of organisation enters there.

A shop is a place where several articles are stored and sold to people who come there to buy. There is an organisation in storing these articles, an organisation of order, number placement, and entry in the records. In taking them for sales there is another organisation of a similar nature which preserves the original order of stocking. Whether entered into a record or not, whatever is drawn from the stock is noted by those who take it out and those who order them to take it.

In selling it to a customer and receiving the cash value for the article, a bargain of price is involved, an entry into a bill - again a small organisation - which contains all the articles the customer buys.

A calendar is a commonplace article which no one takes note of. How is it constructed? It has an organised structure. It is days and dates organised into a system. We can as well say it is Time organised in the space of paper.

So, also a dictionary, a directory are organisations of names, words according to a system.

Any small tool like a pen or a hammer is an organisation of an idea into matter. The stars that are sprinkled on the sky all move in a fixed orbit according to a rhythm. Easily they form an organisation.

An atom, a molecule, a cell we now know is a perfect organisation.

Organisations are composed of objects, space, time, events, ideas, and movements.

When we say that there is no aspect of life that is not an organisation we do not make a tall claim, but only make a simple observation generally left unobserved. An organisation has several characteristics.

  • It is a system or composed of several systems.
  • It increases efficiency saving time, energy, material.
  • It draws the invisible power of the subtle plane.
  • It introduces a rhythm in work, movements and existence.

(65)            Thought is an organisation of facts.

Thought is the commonest component of Mind.

We always act from the Mind, never think what it is as we take all the facilities of home for granted but seldom try to know how it all came about to that point of usefulness.

Mind and Life are yet be defined. Nor is Matter or Spirit understood.

We certainly know the brain, not the Mind, the function of the brain.

We know memory, thinking, decision, will, understanding, imagination, discrimination, etc. but we do not know them precisely.

Thought, we say, is an organisation of facts.

We know, by now, what an organisation is.

Still we need to know what facts are.

A fact can be an object, a person, an event, a movement or anything that is observable.

Facts enter mind but by themselves do not become thought.

A fact is reported by one or many of our senses to the Mind.

Mind receives it as a mental fact.

Mind has several such facts stored in its memory, understood by its thinking.

Two facts do not meet of their own.

If they do so, as a man sitting on a chair, it is a physical act.

Thought is a mental ACT.

When Mind sees a possible relation between two or more facts, it brings them together and evaluates their relationship in its own terms. That evaluation is a thought. It is a mental fact.

Facts brought together by the Mind, yield an understanding to the Mind.

It is clear understanding is not thought; it is the basis of thought.

You see a man entering your house which is a fact.

Mind suddenly tells you it is March 25th.

Further the Mind reminds you it is his birthday.

A thought occurs in you to greet him with happy birthday.

Behind this thought of greeting the visitor a number of facts - his name, the date, his birthday, the social etiquette of greeting, sense of propriety - arise and organise themselves.

So, thought is an organisation of facts.

What then are the thoughts organised? It is an idea.

 Ideas are thoughts in organisation.

Can ideas be organised? Yes.                                                    

When idea are organised, a concept is born.

A concept belongs to No.1 in the consciousness.

The same concept endorsed by the substance of the Mind becomes a Real-Idea.

(A Real-Idea is one devoid of ignorance where thought and will are one and is capable of realising itself instantaneously.)

Facts belong to the gross (physical) plane.

Thoughts dwell in the subtle plane, here the subtle mental plane.

Moving into the subtle plane work is expedited.

Instantaneous realisation is in the causal plane.

It is values that take the subtle plane into the causal plane.

Physical values of perfection take us directly to the causal plane.

A thought, if it is to realise itself at once, should acquire values.

Elsewhere we said that everything is organised in this world of ours.

Facts that are true, organised as thought that is precise and perfect, realise themselves at once by virtue of perfection as well as being in the causal plane.

(67) Money is an organisation of productive energies and human trust.

Money represents goods and services. Goods arise out of productive capacities. It is productive energies that turn into production capacities. All energy is not productive. Energy moves. In the spirit energy is still. Entering the mind, it becomes the mental functions and mental faculties. Memory needs energy. So thinking demands greater mental energies. Imagination needs for greater energies. We know of decision and determination. Decision is the organised energy of mental will. So also it becomes determination when that organisation moves to the mental substance.

  • As energy takes various shapes in the mind, its forms in the emotion, sensation, physical sensation are too many.
  • Feelings are sensations organised.

Organised sensations accepting mental enlightenment become sentiment.

Sensations are emotional, vital or physical.

Energy in the emotion turns into love or hate, like or dislike.

Love is the sensation of joy organised as emotion in the heart.

Hate is the opposite organisation.

Liking is attraction; dislike is repulsion.

Liking when organized become attachment.

Dislike when organised is entrenched in the vital and repulses powerfully.

Hurry is the sensation of excess vital energy without a structure to act.

Patience and impatience are of the Mind finding expression in the vital.

Such a list of energies variously organised can be lengthened almost endlessly.

For energies to be organised productively they must begin in the Mind and descend on the body.

Body alone produces. Only its energies are productive.

To organise the productive energies it is the Mind that should choose what to produce, in what quantities, when, and how.

Money has one more dimension, a dimension of trust.

It is the capacity of Mind to symbolism that Money was created. In the earliest days, Mind conceived an interchange of goods because it was able to measure the value of one produce in terms of another produce. It resulted in barter.

Money is the symbolic intermediary that in its symbolism equates a certain amount of one produce to another amount of another produce.

At the basis of these organisations of evaluation, symbolism, equation exchange lies the Trust of one man for the other man extended to the whole community.

That symbol was a gold or silver coin. Prior to that Money was represented by shell, stones, wampum, tobacco, etc.

Man's productive energies organised on the basis of human trust evaluates the exchange value of various products and by symbolism confers that value on a thing like a gold coin.  MONEY is born.

  • Hence Money is primarily an Organisation.
  • Its basis is Trust of one Man for another Man.
  • To be organised there must be energies that are capable of producing goods or services.

(66)An act like walking or hitting is an organisation of thoughts, sensations and movements.

In another context, this is fully explained. Still, the scope of explanation does not fully exhaust itself.

Organisation is a pervasive concept appreciation of which increases with the extent of experience.

To start with, man's relationship with organisation is to be oblivious of it and use it.

The study of evolution of species which discovered the three famous principles of struggle for existence, survival of the fittest,  and Natural Selection is, of course, a great study.

What is discovered is the mode of existence and how it moves up.

The evolution of species is the evolution of the organisation of structure of existence.

It is the species moving from one organisation to another organisation.

Creation of a new organisation in the mind is not so difficult as to evolve it step by step in the living.

Such a transition involves a sudden break which physical existence does not permit.

The caterpillar in the cocoon has created that mechanism of transition.

In fact, Sri Aurobindo says such a transition passes through the subtle plane which Darwin had not taken into account.

  • A recording of negotiations can only record the spoken words. The determining factor is the unspoken feelings. They do not lend themselves to be recorded or analysed. Any act lies in several layers of physical, vital, etc. planes. Shifting from one plane to another usually involves a reversal. This reversal is important. One cannot observe it by the naked eye, or rewind it, or when it is recorded and observed, one can make nothing out of it.
  • Therefore, any simple act like walking will defy the usual analysis.

Still there is, from the point of view of organisation, so much to be observed.

  • The Three Musketeers acquire lackeys. The topic of the loyalty of the lackeys arises. One asks how to raise the lackey's loyalty? In answer another says that recently he thrashed his lackey well and finds it the best method.

It is a truism of human nature that loyalty is in direct proportion to the master's harshness.

  • Though it comes under reversal, we cannot overlook the fact that the reversal too is an organisational structure.
  • For one to walk, his thoughts, sensations and movements are to coordinate is a fact.

Not only the thoughts, sensations and movements are each an organisation but each should coordinate with the other thus creating another newer organism is of value for our study.

  • What then is the centre of such coordination? Obviously it is the subconscious. In this study we mainly confine ourselves to conscious organisation such as an educational system, but occasionally one needs to stray into the domain of the subconscious.

(70)     Organisations are physical gross, subtle or causal.

Division helps understanding. Subdivision makes for clarity. Reorganising the divided parts creates an understanding that is more than clarity. It is creative.

As the human body can be divided into bones, flesh and nerves and so on, for comprehensive understanding of organisation that can generate creative ideas, creative of higher organisation or higher ways of the present organisation, it is better to resort to division that helps analysis.

The gross part of an organisation is the physical objects; the subtle consists of thoughts of the mind, feelings of the vital, sensations of the physical. What are designated as causal are values that render work perfect. This can be illustrated by a political party, government, an educational institution or a family. In a family the house, the furniture, the articles are the gross physical part. The attachment of one for the other, the feeling of honour, the sentiment and pride of the family name consist of the subtle family. Truthfulness, sincerity, loyalty, and trust of the members are called causal.

  • The physical objects serve as the indispensable basic foundation.
  • The entire energy comes from the subtle aspects which quicken any work that the family undertakes.
  • For any work of the family to meet with results, they should enter the causal plane i.e. the work must acquire values and reach perfection.

Are they rules without exception? If so how do the lowest families exist? These are questions that can be raised.

  • Without all the physical objects, one cannot start the work.
  • The objects may be there, but the work will not move at all if the subtle aspects do not find play.
  • A work can be completed at any level with a minimum and a maximum and a range in between. Lack of values will bring down the level of accomplishment. If values are absent, No result will issue.

Obviously innumerable examples are necessary before these principles are established. These principles, once tested for their validity, will serve us in many ways.

1) Incomplete works can be completed.

2) Completed works can be raised in quantity and quality.

3) They will reveal the vast opportunities that stare at us all around.

4) Knotty problems of families, nations that defy solutions for long can at once be understood and solved to our satisfaction.

5) A far better understanding of history can now be derived.

6) Man who is working now on any level can raise his existence to the height of his new understanding.

7) It offers a greater measure of Self-awareness.

story | by Dr. Radut