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                                                                                                            March 13, 1993

   Animals are endowed with vital resources, the natural development of which is limited by the scope given to them by their innate instincts. Man has no such limitation. In truth, only in the measure of man's ability to overcome the instincts, he emerges as MAN.

   Instincts are physical. His faculties lie higher, above the physical. His mind observes the environment and that knowledge helps him master the environment in the process of which he overcomes the instincts. This ability of man to subordinate his instincts so as to make the environment serve him is the Human Resource. To this end he develops a mental knowledge, a vital attitude and a physical habit often contrary to the direction of instincts. Gregariousness is an instinct which he expressed by living as a group or community and later in a joint family. Now he has overcome that instinct to live in a small family or as an individual developing an individuality for himself as a man in the very opposite direction of gregarious instinct.

   We think of human resources that can increase his prosperity, i.e. material well-being. He does have other resources to build a collective organisation, individual capacity and character.

   The physical skills mature into vital attitudes that generate mental opinion from which higher values are derived. As the physical skill creates the minimum of material wealth, higher values generate the maximum of material prosperity.

   Man's capacity to learn skills, acquire attitudes, form opinions and create values are the human resources.

   We are mainly concerned with the development of his resources by which he can augment his material prosperity and that man, for our purpose, is the below average human being all over the world. Mostly that development confines itself to his imitating the advanced section of the people. If he can do it in a shorter period than the advanced section took, that is sufficient development for him.

   That mainly centres around his fully exploiting the available social potential. If the society or the government can give him the necessary incentives to avail of it, that will qualify for "Development of his resources".

   Human resources at the physical level are built up by skills; at the vital level by expansive attitudes and in the mind by the unprejudiced opinions. Externally it is represented by training, positive social attitudes and factual information. For example, the craftsman training institute will fill a gap in training; the list of 27 negative attitudes in Kamadhenu when reversed will help the vital. The information age is bringing factual news to fresh minds.

   The emphasis will be on specific projects that help the physical skill formation. Our approach is limited to

            i) What can be done within the present frame work (farm school, craftsman training institute);

            ii) What the governments will readily understand and agree to implement (drawing wider segments of population to exhaust the existing potentials like increasing the enrollment in colleges and schools);

            iii)  What the society will at once respond to if the government comes forward to identify the missing links and supply them wherever it is easily possible (passing legislation to spread Hire Purchase Schemes, kitchen garden in USSR);       

            iv)  A social or government scheme to inspire writers, movie directors that can unleash social energies towards self-achievement.

   What today's newspaper says about Income Tax (a fixed payment from small shop keepers) is a negative system that removes a bother and not a positive lever that energises the man. Motorola has spoken for us how $1 brings in $30. Can we not speak to Govt. of India that Rs. 10,000 crores invested in training --  at the level of farm school, craftsman training institutes, technological training for small industrial entrepreneurs etc. -- will raise the nation's productivity by 300,000 crores. Cannot the Govt. of India compare their present achievements in productivity and their cost with the cost of training. What part of GDP is 300,000 crores? Is it too small.

   Suppose India (or USA) had today's technology in 1950, what would have been their condition now? It is well within our means NOW to work for the change of attitudes and put in the systems and organisations in a few years which the society took 50 years to develop. That is development of human resources.  Consider two things:

   1)      Suppose India takes ALL the effort in its power through ALL the organised ends of society -- govt., business, education, NGOs, professions, press, media etc. -- to advocate and sponsor the new attitudes and new systems necessary to avail of the latest technology the world can offer India, what will be the progress India will make in the next 10 years?

   2) Suppose the USA as a nation has come forward to work for a complete change in vital attitudes at all levels of population, extend to all levels of population advantages enjoyed the conscious sections of the society by disseminating THAT information not as news but as practically usable knowledge immediately, what progress can she not make in 2000 AD?

   The psychological basis for these is the Peace Imperative, not the military security. The strategy or mechanism for achieving this is each nation endeavouring to cooperate with every other nation for mutual economic boom. When the part confines itself, it remains small and a part. When it relates to the whole with the knowledge that it is a part of the whole, it expands to the size of the whole. This is the finite becoming the Infinite. At the mental level the barrage of unusable flood of information must be processed into practically usable knowledge as well as knowledge that helps shed the small shrinking attitude and change it into a wide expansive attitude.

   He who comes forward to break the Inner Establishment having parted with the psychological negativity, willing to work for the expansive prosperity of those around him , must part with the "concrete realities" of his mind.

   Man's progress is understood as progress brought by advancing technology. It is only partially true. There are a few truths about it:

  • The knowledge of the pioneer is really the collective knowledge expressing in one individual.
  • The collective that benefits by that technology must raise to the level of creating a collective organisation to receive that technology.
  • The individuals that operate that technology should equip themselves with the higher psychological organisation needed.

   The human being should raise his resource to avail of the new technology and that is the development of human resources. The society or government enabling one to do that is our theme.

   Another aspect of this work is the advantage that arises out of the fact that these resources lie in three tiers, viz. sociological level, organisational technology and the organisation on the psychological plane. Society raises the below-average individual who is unable to raise himself. The organisations devised by the higher half of the society serve to raise the society that is below par. When a man's 'organisation' is less than normal his inner psychological ability compensates it. Thus the lack of the individual, the society and the individual's outer organisation are made up by the society, the organisation and the psychological ability.

   It is well known that the society goes to the rescue of the disabled individual. It is not equally well acknowledged that the deficiency of the society is often made up by the isolated organisational strength as in highly professionalised groups. But it is a common fact that an able individual courageously makes up for the lack of education or training. In drawing up programmes, there are useful guidelines.

   Human resource lies in two categories:

1) Creating new mental, vital, physical resources.

2) Exhausting the potentials of the old resources.

   At any moment ALL the institutions, all the attitudes, beliefs, systems, structures are geared to serve the present goals of the society. The individual is the typical representative of it. The capacity of the individual to free himself on his own initiative from this atmosphere is a measure of his mastery over the environment.

   This is the potential resource.

   Aspiration is the vital ability to draw upon it.

   Body's diligence, rather the skillful diligence is a measure of that physical resource.

story | by Dr. Radut